Skip to main content

SS.7.C.1.8 - Federalists, Anti-Federalists, and the Constitution

Reporting Category 1: Origins and Purposes of Law and Government

Reporting Category 1: General

Enlightenment Ideas: SS.7.C.1.1

Impact of Key Documents: SS.7.C.1.2

English Policies: SS.7.C.1.3

Declaration of Independence: SS.7.C.1.4

Articles of Confederation: SS.7.C.1.5

Preamble of the Constitution: SS.7.C.1.6

Separation of Powers and Checks & Balances: SS.7.C.1.7

Federalists and Anti-Federalists: SS.7.C.1.8

Rule of Law: SS.7.C.1.9

Sources & Types of Laws: SS.7.C.3.10

Reporting Category 2: Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities of Citizens

Reporting Category 2: General

Citizenship: SS.7.C.2.1

Obligations of Citizens: SS.7.C.2.2

Bill of Rights & Other Amendments: SS.7.C.2.4

Constitutional Safeguards & Limits: SS.7.C.2.5

Constitutional Rights: SS.7.C.3.6

13th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, & 26th Amendments: SS.7.C.3.7

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: SS.7.C.3.12

Reporting Category 3: Government Policies and Political Processes

Reporting Category 3: General

Political Parties: SS.7.C.2.8

Qualifications for Political Office: SS.7.C.2.9

Monitoring & Influencing Government: SS.7.C.2.10

Media & Political Communications: SS.7.C.2.11

Public Policy: SS.7.C.2.12

Multiple Perspectives: SS.7.C.2.13

U.S. Domestic & Foreign Policy: SS.7.C.4.1

Participation in International Organizations: SS.7.C.4.2

U.S. & International Conflicts: SS.7.C.4.3

Reporting Category 4: Organization and Function of Government

Reporting Category 4: General

Forms of Government: SS.7.C.3.1

Systems of Government: SS.7.C.3.2

Three Branches of Government: SS.7.C.3.3

Federalism: SS.7.C.3.4

Amendment Process: SS.7.C.3.5

Structure, Function, & Processes of Government: SS.7.C.3.8

Court System: SS.7.C.3.11

United States & Florida Constitutions: SS.7.C.3.13

Government Obligations & Services: SS.7.C.3.14

What You Need to Know:

Student Review Reading for SS.7.C.1.8

Explain the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists regarding the ratification of the Constitution and inclusion of a bill of rights.


Benchmark Clarifications:

  • Students will identify the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists about the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Read more!
  • Students will compare the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists about the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Read more!
  • Students will recognize the Anti-Federalists’ reasons for the inclusion of a bill of rights in the U.S. Constitution. Read more!

Example One (Low Complexity)

What was the Anti-Federalists' greatest concern about ratifying the U.S. Constitution?

A. The lack of a federal court system.

B. The lack of legislative veto power.

C. The lack of a strong military.

D. The lack of a bill of rights.


Example Two (Moderate Complexity)

Which statement supports the Anti-Federalists in the struggle over ratification of the U.S. Constitution?

A. The Constitution should limit state government.

B. The Constitution should protect fundamental rights.

C. The Constitution should create a strong national government.

D. The Constitution should prevent the election of amateur politicians.


Example Three (High Complexity)

The passage below was written by James Madison in 1787.

C18 High

Based on this passage, what change in modern political society would Madison support?

A. Expanding the size of the Cabinet

B. Expanding the size of the Electoral College

C. Expanding the number of candidates in campaigns

D. Expanding the role of special interest groups in campaigns


C.1.8 - Vocabulary


FLDOE Civics Tutorials

courtesy of FL Department of Education


Discovery Education


  • The Anti-Federalists' Bill of Rights (total length 3:16) from Just the Facts: The Constitution: The Bill of Rights and Constitutional Amendments
  • The Constitution (total length 4:02, start at 2:44) from TLC Elementary School: We the People: A History
  • The Drive for Ratification (total length, start at 1:30) from the Standard Deviants School American Government: The Constitution of the United States
  • Establishing the Bill of Rights (total length 3:50) from American History: Foundations of American Government Series (does not use the terms Federalists or Anti-Federalists), (recommended for classroom use)
  • Federalists and Anti-Federalists (total 1:49) from Just the Facts: Documents of Destiny: Creating a New Nation (recommended for classroom use)

Civics on Demand

Additional Resources

Textbook Review


Chapter 2, Section 3 - p. 43-48