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SS.912.A.5.10 Civil Rights of the 20's and 30's

What you need to know...

  • You will need to know the  varying points of view related to the desire to expand and restrict civil rights for women and political, social, economic, religious, and ethnic minorities.
  • You will need to know the reasons for the rise of nativism in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • You will need to know how civil rights issues both united and divided society in the United States in the period 1919–39.
  • You will need to know the decisions made by national and state governments related to immigration and other civil rights issues.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:
Booker T. Washington, Eighteenth Amendment, flappers, Fundamentalist Movement, Great Migration, Harlem Renaissance, Ku Klux Klan, Marcus Garvey, nativism, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Nineteenth Amendment, normalcy, Prohibition, quota system, Rosewood Incident, Sacco and Vanzetti, Seminole Indians, Universal Negro Improvement Association, Volstead Act, W.E.B. DuBois.

Example 1

The NAACP championed the same cause as Ida B. Wells under the leadership of which of the following individuals?

a. Marcus Garvey

b. James Weldon Johnson

c. Claude McKay

d. Paul Robeson


Example 2

1. What did the verdict in the Sacco and Vanzetti case indicate about the state of the US in the early 1920s?

a. Many Americans saw immigrants and/or radicals as a threat to the American way of life.

b. The courts in the 1920s were immune to nativist influence.

c. African Americans were unable to get a fair trial in the 1920s.

d. Unlike Communists, Anarchists were not considered a threat by most Americans.


Example 3

Which of the following statements is true of Prohibition?

a. It practically ended the use of alcohol in the United States during the 1920s

b. Crime dropped significantly during Prohibition

c. People still consumed alcohol, but they would only drink in the privacy of their own homes.

d. Organized crime flourished during Prohibition.


Example 4


The efforts of the women pictured above and other supporters of their cause eventually resulted in the ratification of which amendment?

a.       17th Amendment

b.      18th Amendment

c.       19th Amendment

d.      20th Amendment


Example 5

Which of the following statements best describes the reason W. E. B. Dubois’ criticism of Booker T. Washington?

a. Dubois believed Washington should cooperate more with government officials.

b. Dubois felt Washington was too aggressive in seeking equal rights for African Americans.

c. Dubois thought Washington should focus more on making sure African Americans were receiving quality education.

d. Dubois did not feel Washington was aggressive enough in seeking equal rights for African Americans.


Example 6


By using slogans like the one above, the Ku Klux Klan was attempting to gain the support of which of the following groups?

                a. Nativists

                b. Isolationists

                c. Suffragists

                d. Prohibitionists


Example 7

“And black men’s feet learned roads.  Some said goodbye cheerfully… others fearfully, with terrors of unknown dangers in their mouths… others in their eagerness for distance said nothing.  The daybreak found them gone.  The wind said North.  Trains said North. The tides and tongues said North, and men moved like the great herds before the glaciers .”

—Zora Neale Hurston as quoted inSorrow’s Kitchen:  the Life and Folklore of Zora Neale Hurston

What major event in American History is Florida born author Zora Neale Hurston describing in this quote?

a.       The abolishment of slavery

b.      The Great Migration

c.       The Harlem Renaissance

d.      The Red Scare


Example 8

During the late 1800s, presidents and governors most often used military force during labor management conflicts as a way to
a. support industrialists and end strikes
b. make employers sign collective bargaining agreements
c. protect workers from the private armies of employers
d.  replace striking factory workers with soldiers


Example 9

The Harlem Renaissance promoted African American culture by
a. increasing factory employment opportunities for minorities
b. encouraging immigration from Africa
c. focusing attention on artistic contributions
d. bringing an end to legalized racial segregation


Example 10

The formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was primarily a response to
a. racism and prejudice
b. nationalism and patriotism
c. abolition and temperance
d. militarism and colonialism


Example 11

The excerpt below was written by Langston Hughes in 1926.

One of the most promising of the young Negro poets said to me once, “I want to be a poet—not a Negro poet”. . . And I was sorry the young man said that, for no great poet has ever been afraid of being himself. And I doubted then that, with his desire to run away spiritually from his race, this boy would ever be a great poet.

Based on the excerpt, what advice would Langston Hughes have given to young African
Americans during the Harlem Renaissance?
A. He would have challenged them to further their literary training.
B. He would have encouraged them to celebrate their racial identity.
C. He would have suggested that they shape a tradition of passive resistance.
D. He would have recommended that they promote a tradition of racial tolerance.



In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapter 13

Pages 432 - 462