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SS.912.A.7.11 U.S. Foreign Policy, 1972-Present

What you need to know...

  • Students will identify and/or evaluate the significance of events and actions relating to United States foreign policy in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East.
  • You will need to know the social, political, and economic impact of United States foreign policy pertaining to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East on society and culture in the United States.
  • You will need to know the humanitarian, political, and economic factors that motivated United States foreign policy relating to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin American, and the Middle East.
  • You will need to know the influence of the media on public opinion concerning foreign policy initiatives taken by the United States relating to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Middle East.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to:

apartheid, glasnost, globalization, inflation, terrorism.

Example 1

President Jimmy Carter’s decision to criticize South Africa’s apartheid policy and President Bill Clinton’s decision to send troops to Bosnia were both responses to
a. human rights abuses
b. civil wars
c. immigration policies
d. trade agreement violations


Example 2

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, led the federal government to create the
a. Environmental Protection Agency
b. Department of Homeland Security
c. Central Intelligence Agency
d. Federal Bureau of Investigation


Example 3

The graph below provides information about world oil supplies in 2007.


How has the relationship between oil reserves, production, and consumption influenced United States foreign policy?
A. The United States maintains military bases in Western European countries.
B. The United States contributes humanitarian aid to Central African countries.
C. The United States is committed to trade relations with Central Asian countries.
D. The United States is interested in maintaining stability in Middle Eastern countries.


Example 4

Which event led directly to the end of the cold war?
a. reunification of Germany

b. formation of the European Union

c. breakup of the Soviet Union

d. creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)


Example 5

What was the name of President Reagan’s anti-air defense system, causing the largest military

 build-up in U.S. history?

a. Strategic Air Command                            

b. Strategic Defense Initiative             

c. Laser Defense Initiative

d. Doomsday Device


Example 6

In the United States in the 1990’s, cuts in defense spending have been proposed because

a. Japan has assumed the peacekeeping responsibilities of the United Nations
b. military technology has become less expensive
c. the United States has returned to an isolationist foreign policy
d. communist governments in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have collapsed


Example 7

Which statement is most accurate about the economy of the United States during the 1970’s and early 1980’s?

a. The increased cost of imported oil hurt economic growth.
b. The Federal budget was balanced.
c. Inflation declined sharply throughout these years .
d, The number of jobs in farming increased while service jobs decreased.


Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan

Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev

In Your Textbook

book cover.jpg

Chapter 24, 25, & 26

Pages 792-890

Reagan and Foreign Policy

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Additional Resource Links