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SS.912.A.3.2 Industrial Revolution

What you need to know...

  • You will need to know the social and/or political causes and/or conditions in government, society, and the economy that contributed to the Second Industrial Revolution.
  • You will need to know the significance of events, movements, and people in American society prior to and/or during the Second Industrial Revolution.
  • You will need to know the human experience during the Second Industrial Revolution.
  • You will need to know the new industries and/or economic innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution and their impact on American economy and society.
  • You will need to know the significant inventors of the Second Industrial Revolution.
  • You will need to know the experiences of Northern European, Southern European, and Asian immigrants during the Second Industrial Revolution.
  • You will need to know the impact of social change and reform movements in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
  • You will need to know the origin, course, and/or consequences of the labor movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
  • Items assessing the Second Industrial Revolution may include inventions, industrial developments, entrepreneurs, monopolies, government policies, and labor movements.
  • Items assessing the human experience during the Second Industrial Revolution may include the impact of massive immigration, the increase of urbanization, the rise of the political machine, and the influence of social reform movements on American society.
  • You will need to know the impact of key events and peoples in Florida history related to the Second Industrial Revolution.

Terms to know include, but are not limited to: African-American inventors, American Federation of Labor, Bessemer process, child labor, Chinese Exclusion Act, Everglades, Gentlemen’s Agreement, government regulation, Great Migration, Haymarket Riot (1886), Henry Flagler, Homestead Strike (1892), Ida Tarbell, immigration, innovation, Knights of Labor, labor unions, market economy, muckrakers, National Woman Suffrage Association, planned economy, political machines, Pullman Strike (1894), railroads, settlement houses, Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1894), Social Darwinism, Social Gospel movement, suffrage movement, transportation, urbanization, urban centers.

Example 1

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In the cartoon above, President Theodore Roosevelt is depicted doing which of the following?

A.  Standing guard to protect big business

B.  Enforcing the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

C.  Leading a government take-over of large industries

D.  Putting an end to industries that might harm the environment

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Example 2

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Based on your knowledge of the Second Industrial Revolution in the United States, what statement is this cartoon making?

A. The federal government is ruining the oil industry by placing too many restrictions and regulations on business owners.

B. The oil industry is thriving due to a healthy working relationship with the federal government.

C. The owner of Standard Oil has too much power and influence over the federal government.

D. Emissions from oil refineries are polluting the air and harming the environment.

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Example 3

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The picture above shows Jane Adams with some of the children being served by Hull House in Chicago, Illinois.  What goal of the Progressive Era is represented by this image and the existence of Hull House?

A. Fostering efficiency

B. Protecting social welfare

C. Creating economic reform

D. Promoting moral improvement

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Example 4

Where trade unions are most firmly organized, there are the rights of the people most respected.

Based on your knowledge of the labor movement in the late 19th and early 20th century, to whom would this quote be attributed?

A. Theodore Roosevelt

B. John Rockefeller

C. Samuel Gompers

D. Andrew Carnegie           

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Example 5

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Based on your knowledge of written works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which of the following most likely inspired the demand being made by the women pictured above?

A. The Great American Fraud by Samuel Hopkins Adams

B. The Shame of Cities by Lincoln Steffens

C. The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

D. How the Other Half Lives  by Jacob Riis

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Example 6

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Cartoonists Thomas Nast chose the tiger as a symbol to represent which of the following?

A. The unlimited power of the robber barons

B. The impact of trust-busting on business in the US

C. The influx of immigrants and their impact on the US

D. The corrupt local government of New York City

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Example 7

 

 “The American Beauty Rose can be produced in the splendor and fragrance which bring cheer to its beholder only by sacrificing the early buds which grow up around it. This is not an evil tendency in business. It is merely the working-out of a law of nature and a law of God. “

–John Rockefeller

Which of the following conclusions could be drawn about John Rockefeller based on the quote above?

A. He was a strong supporter of government regulation in business.

B. He was a proponent of trust-busting and opposed any one company having too much control over an industry.

C. He welcomed competitors because he knew competition was beneficial to consumers.

D. He supported the theory of Social Darwinism.

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Example 8

During the early 1800s, which factor contributed the most to the start of the Industrial Revolution in the United States?
 

A. a restriction on European immigration

B. the end of the slave labor system

C. an abundance of natural resources

D.  the availability of electricity

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Example 9

What was an immediate effect of the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825?

A.  Prices increased for food products along the Atlantic Coast.

B.  Farmers could more easily ship grain to eastern markets.

C. A territorial conflict began with Canada over the Great Lakes.

D. Railroads were forced to reduce their shipping rates.

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Example 10

A major purpose of the Progressive movement (1900–1917) was to

A. stimulate the economy

B. support government control of factory production

C. encourage immigration from southern and eastern Europe

D. correct the economic and social abuses of industrial society

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Example 11

The cartoon below depicts a social issue in United States history.

Picture1.png

With which social issue is this cartoon associated?

A. the power of political machines during the Second Industrial Revolution

B. the power of big businesses during the Second Industrial Revolution

C. the influence of immigration quotas during the Gilded Age

D. the influence of suffrage reformers during the Gilded Age

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Example 12

Which of the following contributed to the immense industrial boom known as the Second Industrial Revolution?

A. bankruptcy of farms, populist movement, loss of farming lands

B. abundance of natural resources, government support of businesses, increase in urban population

C. cheap city buildings, women’s movements, great migration

D. new public education system, discovery of oil in Pennsylvania, formation of trusts

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FLDOE Tutorial

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In Your Textbook

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Chapter 6 and Chapter 8

Pages 229 - 250 & 274 - 300

The Industrial Revolution

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Chinese Exclusion Act

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The Jungle & The Work Place

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Triangle Shirtwaist and Worker's Rights

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